It was initially used for commercial and industrial buildings the steel framing is now more popular with homeowners. Both are sustainable, energy-efficient building materials. The decision may be based on which kind of frame you prefer more. Before you make a choice, it’s essential to understand the way steel frames compare against wood.
Steel is commonly utilized in larger buildings because of its capacity to hold weight across vast areas. But, steel offers several advantages over wood in smaller structures as well.
Steel has a greater resistance to decay than wood. A roof that is leaky does not cause the rotting process. Floors that are supported by steel infrastructure won’t be able to warp, keeping the surface at a level. Pests like termites and ants are unable to penetrate steel beams, making infestations less likely and more affordable to deal with. In addition, steel isn’t flammable and therefore the frame of your house remains in place even after an ensuing fire.
For building materials that is strong, steel is able to resist natural disasters like hurricanes or earthquakes. That means insurance premiums for steel-framed houses are typically less expensive, particularly in the most disaster-prone areas. If used in conjunction with a well maintained house steel frames can be expected to last through several generations. Furthermore, it can be strong enough to hold greater weight over longer durations like the roofs made from metal.
Advantages over Wood Frames
There is no perfect building material and steel is certainly no exception. Here are a few problems that could make a frame made of metal not the best choice for your particular project.
Steel-framed homes are strong but they are not as flexibility in roof designs. As opposed to wooden post roofs, steel-framed roofs don’t have dormers, high pitch or overhangs. Although it’s feasible to install a wooden frame on an overhang on the top of a house with a steel frame however, it’s not as effective nor as sturdy as a single-frame type , and thus could constitute a breach of local building codes.
Metal acts as a conductor in nature making it harder to insulate. This is particularly true in colder climates or months in which the whole frame is likely to drop in temperature when it is not properly protected. This could result in higher energy bills, which can increase your bill and carbon footprint.
Although steel is invulnerable to rust, it can cause serious problems. This is particularly true when the steel is exposed to water that is stagnant or the water is leaking for extended durations. If not treated it will impact the strength of your infrastructure and could lead to expensive repairs.
Prior to deciding on whether you want steel or wood is the best choice for the frame of your house One of the most vital and complicated aspects to consider is cost. There are both short-term as well as long-term factors to take into consideration. If you’re contemplating buying an existing house and you are planning to sell it, the short-term cost might not be applicable in the event that you are renovating or building a house with the intention of selling.
The construction costs are much more costly for metal frames. Apart from the need for special equipment, metal frames cost between 10 to 20 % more than wooden frames. Be aware that you’ll need additional materials like fasteners, and electrical boxes to finish the frame. Contractors could also charge an additional cost for construction using steel in relation to how scarce steel-framed buildings are found in your local area.
Costs for Long-Term Use
The maintenance of your home typically does not seem to bring images of maintenance on infrastructure However, there are some circumstances that could result in additional costs or savings over time. A few of them are:
Frames of wood: warping termite, mold, rot damage, stud damage natural disasters like earthquakes or flooding; easy to build extensions or remove walls.
Steel frame: cooling and heating costs for insulation as well as rust and extra work to be done when making an extension or changing walls; typically less insurance charges in some regions.
The Department of Housing and Urban Development provides an online PDF document that outlines the long-term thermal performance of homes between steel and wood-framed homes.